My first grade scientists have been using the electronic kits in the Makerspace Room, so it was time for a lesson about circuits. I used one of my favorite science gadgets to introduce how a circuit works. An electric circuit is a pathway for electrons (electric current) to travel. I also introduced series and parallel circuits.
This is one of my very favorite science tools! The entire class held hands to complete the circuit. The moisture on our hands was to enough to conduct the current. Then we divided into groups and I gave each group a cup of water and paperclips. One of the cups of water spilled and that group discovered that they could touch the wet table and still close the circuit. After they learned that metal conducts electricity, they tried belt buckles, watches, earrings, and other metal items around the room to complete their circuits. We experimented with parts of our bodies to close the circuit, but found clothes and hair did not conduct electricity. This was the perfect opportunity to explain why it’s so important to keep all electrical appliances away from water, and to make sure your hands are dry and you are not standing in water when you touch anything electrical.
At the end of class we used a battery and Christmas lights to make a simple circuit. We identified the parts of a battery and used a wire cutter to strip the insulation off the copper wires.
I found an excellent example of a circuit at the Middle School Science Fair. Thanks for sharing your hover craft Henry!